Physical activity is important in many aspects of a young child’s life.

The lack of physical activity is a risk factor for a number of health problems such as:



Bone Health


Bad Colesterol


Not only physical health but being active has a positive impact emotionally, giving children opportunities to feel a sense of achievement and to work alongside their peers to reach an end goal or to create a healthy competitive nature.

Between the ages of 0-5 it is a critical time to establish good habits and behaviours that will continue throughout the years to come right up to adulthood. Creating a willingness to be active from this age could lay the foundation to a healthy and active life.

The Government say ‘that nearly a third of children aged 2 – 15 are overweight or obese and younger generations are becoming obese at earlier ages and staying obese for longer. Reducing obesity levels will save lives as obesity doubles the risk of dying prematurely.’ (HM Government, Childhood obesity: a plan for action, 08/2016).
Our plan is to teach the children about the effects exercise has on our bodies and give them the understanding on how eating healthy and being active impacts them both physically and mentally.

Giving children enjoyment in testing their physical abilities and having fun with their peers while knowing that they are having a positive impact on their bodies.
Level of Physical Development 
Age Range
sample activtiy 
Children Aged 1-2
Children at this stage of development are learning different ways to move & explore. Activities that will get them moving & testing their special awareness are great to get them to be active and problem solve at the same time. 
Simply placing a toy or comforter at crawling distance with cones as an obstacle between the child and the object allows the child to crawl independantly over or inbetween the cones to reach their goal. 
Creating activities that will enhance the childs coordination and body control gives them more understanding of what they are capable of. At this age, teaching the child about their body with simple activities or songs like 'Head, shoulders, knees & toes' also gives them more of an understanding.
Activity- Balance a cone on your head while walking. Jump into a square landing on both feet & jumping back out.

​At this stage of a childs development, getting the child to work on their technique in using their body to move & explore the area around them is key. Children will feel more confident in their abilities and therefore will test their boundaries more often.
Children Aged 2-3
Children at this age constantly want to be challeneged & thrive on new experiences. They find a new found confidence & desire to be independant. Giving the children a set goal to acheive & also allowing them to express themselves by experimenting with what their bodies can do physically gives them great opportunity to build self-confidence, play & learn.

Using cones to mark out four boxes using four different colours. Call out a colour & ask the children if the know any other movements they could use to get to the box. Then, ask them to try to carry out the movement. In oder to create more active thinking, ask the children to link a movement to an animal. This may lead to movement such as crawling, slithering or hopping. 
Children Aged 3-5
Children Aged 5 & over 
Children over the age of 5 are at a stage where they can nurture their skills & improve the technique they have for a specific sport of activity. They start gaining an understanding of what they enjoy & are naturally good at which leads to the child taking a different approach to a variety of sports or activites. 
A wide variety of specific sports & activites such as football, basketball, tennis, cricket. At this age, many children naturally become competitive so lots of encouragement & praise should be given for work ethic & a willingness to give it a go.